THE IMPACT ON LEAN PRACTICES BY OPERATIONAL FACTORS: EVIDENCE FROM THE MANUFACTURING FIRMS OF PAKISTAN
Purpose: The study has aimed to identify the effect of lean practices on the operational performance of manufacturing firms of Pakistan.
Design/Methodology: Using positivistic deductive approach, the study has collected 211 responses from the supply chain professionals of manufacturing firms of Karachi, Pakistan using purposive sampling technique. PLS-SEM has been employed for data analysis using SmartPLS version 3.2.8.
Findings: The study has manifested that lean practices can enable manufacturing firms of Pakistan to improve their operational performance.
Implications: Kanban is one of the most effective and tested methods to do this. Kanban is a mechanism that controls the flow of products within a supply chain by using visual signals (cards). There is a Kanban card attached to each object, container, crate, or pallet. The Kanban card details the products and amounts to purchase, so the factory floor may request the right parts. Workers take the card and give it to the department of sales.
Originality: The study has not been employed in the Pakistan context while due to lack of lean application in the industrial sector of Pakistan; the implications may encourage organizations towards lean practices. Moreover, lean practices can enable large-scale manufacturing firms to improve their performance in the current downturn.
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